Wind Power Basics – Power Available in WindPower Available in Wind

 

 

 

Power available in wind is calculated by formula

Power Available = ½* air density * swept area * wind velocity3

Air density at sea level is 1.23kg/m3

I will consider it as 1kg/m3 at Faisalabad (Pakistan).

Swept area is in m2. It is calculated by formula πr2.

Where r is radius of the rotor. Diameter of the rotor is 2r.

Wind velocity is in m/s.

Therefore, at a wind velocity of 5 m/s and rotor diameter of 1m,

Power available in wind is 196.25 Watts.

If we double the wind speed power increases by a factor of 8. i.e. at 10m/s

Power available in wind is 1570 Watts.

When the diameter of rotor is doubled power increases by factor of 4.

If wind velocity is 5 m/s and diameter is 2m, then the power available is 785 Watts.

But it is not possible to extract all the Power available in wind.

In 1919 Betz calculated the limit to how much a wind turbine can extract from wind.

This limit is called Betz limit.

Betz Limit = 59.26%

It is the maximum amount of power that can be extracted from wind.

An ideal wind machine will work at Betz limit. But in practice there is no ideal machine.

There are power losses because

No blades are 100% efficient

No alternator/ generator is 100% efficient.

Friction losses

Magnetic drag and resistance losses

Mike Klemen calculated a co-effient of Power= 35%

A good turbine extract about 35% of energy available in wind.

You can take a look at Mike Klemen work here

http://www.ndsu.nodak.edu/ndsu/klemen/Perfect_Turbine.htm

Data on power available in wind

Wind Speed

( m/s )

Rotor Diameter

( m )

Area

( m2 )

Power Available

( Watts)

Betz limit

( Watts )

Good Turbine

( Watts)

1

1

3.14

1.57

0.930382

0.5495

5

1

3.14

196.25

116.2978

68.6875

10

1

3.14

1570

930.382

549.5

1

2

12.56

6.28

3.721528

2.198

5

2

12.56

785

465.191

274.75

10

2

12.56

6280

3721.528

2198

Speed of wind can be estimated using Beaufort Scale.

  • Yaar Ahsan Pai, ap agr SOLAR ENERGY pr achi information farhaam karty tou ziada faida mand hota, hawa ho na ho, but SORAAJ ki ROSHNI zaRuR ati ha

    • Solar Energy is a bit expensive than wind energy.

      I will do that when i find time.
      I still have something to do with wind energy.
      Uncompleted Project

  • Ahsan Pai tou keya Ghar main laga dia jae to load shedding ky liay aik pankhy ki light ban sakti ha ? its multan 🙁 or yahan ki Garmi, ALLAH bachain…. kitna expensive ha for LIGHT a FAN